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Oral contraceptives or “The Pill” is a once-daily tablet taken at the same time each day.  They release hormones that prevent the ovary from releasing an egg. These hormones also thicken cervical mucus, which helps to block sperm from moving into the uterus and fertilizing the egg and thinning the lining of the uterus, which also helps to prevent implantation. 


Oral Contraceptives



STI reduction: None.


It takes discipline: The pill needs to be taken at the same time every day.


Smokers over 35, beware: If you’re over 35, smoking on the pill increases your risk of certain side effects, such as blood clots.  And if you’re younger, why not quit now and save yourself the trouble?


The Pill can be used for other reasons: Oral contraceptives are also prescribed to regulate periods, decrease menstrual cramping, or clear acne.



If you qualify for the funding Haven Health has available, services may be provided at no cost.  Qualification for programs depends on family size and income.  Please call Haven Health at 806.322.3599  to determine if you qualify for the available programs.



The pill is taken every day, at roughly the same time, to be most effective.


Side Effects

Bleeding between periods, sore breasts, headaches, nausea and vomiting, mood swings, decreased sex drive, and for a small number of women using combined oral contraception, blood clots, or stroke.  For smokers, the risk of cardiovascular problems is much higher.  If you are older than 35 years and smoke, have a history of blood clots or breast cancer, your doctor may advise you not to take the pill.

Quick Facts


The pill is very effective when taken every day at the same time, without missing any days.


Side effects

The most common side effects are sore breasts, nausea, spotting, and decreased sex drive. In rare cases blood clots and stroke.  See below for more information.



Every. Single. Day.


How do I get it?

Oral contraceptives require a prescription from a doctor or clinic.


STI reduction



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